Category Archives: Africa

For the complete list of nations in Africa, please visit

Africa Jobs

The first European navigators, mainly Portuguese, arrived in South Africa in the 15th century. Diogo Cão reached the South African coast in 1485 and in 1488 it was Bartolomeu Dias’ turn. The country’s history, properly speaking, begins in the 17th century with the permanent occupation of the Cape region by Europeans. In 1909, the union… Read More »

Port Said, Egypt

According to Baglib, Port Said is an exceptionally young city, by Egyptian standards, of course, located 200 km northeast of Cairo. It was built in the middle of the 19th century along with the Suez Canal, at its northern entrance, and along with Alexandria is considered the “sea gate” of Egypt. With its wooden houses… Read More »

Kerkenna Islands, Tunisia

The nine islands of the Kerkenna archipelago, lying 25 km from the coastline of Sfax, are an ideal place to escape from the busy world. Life here seems to have stopped back in ancient Roman times: according to one of the popular versions (survivability of which is supported primarily by the locals themselves), Odysseus was… Read More »

Maputo, Mozambique

The city of Maputo was built around a Portuguese fortress in the 19th century. and flourished for a long time. However, 20 years of war did not pass without a trace for him, and today, despite the status of the capital, it is still a rather poor African city. However, he is poor, only when… Read More »

Visa, Embassy and Holidays in Reunion, France

VISAS, ENTRY RULES, CUSTOMS REGULATIONS in Reunion, France To travel to Reunion, Russian citizens need to apply for a visa at the French Visa Application Center, since Reunion is an Overseas Department of France. Before submitting documents, a few weeks before the trip, you need to sign up by phone 784-71-47 (on weekdays from 9:00… Read More »

Sights of Zambia

Definitely, the main asset and advantage of Zambia as a tourist destination is its rich nature. For more or less cultural life, you can only go to the capital, the city of Lusaka, where it is worth visiting local galleries, museums and atmospheric markets. According to itypeusa, the hallmark of Zambia is the majestic Victoria… Read More »

Egypt in the 1990’s

According to collegesanduniversitiesinusa, the situation that arose with the start of negotiations between Arabs and Israelis, under the aegis of the United States, favored the assumption, by the Egypt, of the role of mediation in the area. In particular, Cairo, making use of peace with Israel, on the one hand, and of Y. ῾Arāfāt’s specific… Read More »

Ethiopia Literature

Traditionally inspired literature has almost now given way to a new production, suggested by Western Europe, which continues to express itself in principle in the Amharic language, which is the official language of the state, while the Tigrinya language has a use much more limited, also for deterring the local political situation. With the reinvigoration… Read More »

Egypt Economy and Energy

Institutional organization After the fall of King Farouk in the 1952 military coup, Egypt was transformed into a republic, although an authoritarian regime backed by the military has been in place ever since. The Constitution of 1971 – amended several times – gave the president wide powers: in addition to the command of the armed… Read More »

Ethiopia Religion – Muslim Invasion

Reforms of Zar’a Y ā ‛ qob (1434-1468). – While these heresies agitated the monks, in the mass of the population there always persisted reprehensible pagan customs and superstitions. The need was therefore felt for general reforms, which in King Zar’a Yā‛qob found the necessary authority to implement them; the king issued severe orders, forbidding… Read More »

Tunisia Population 1931

Tunisia has a population which at the 1931 census turned out to be 2,410,692 residents, of which 2,215,399 indigenous and 195,293 Europeans. The indigenous population, as in all of Mediterranean Africa, is made up of Berber elements and Arab elements. The Berbers would represent the descendants of the ancient Libyan people settled in the region… Read More »

Algeria History – The War Against Morocco

Abd el-Kader immediately set about raising the Moroccan tribes, causing incursions of these into Algerian territory, and however the Bugeaud ordered the gen. Lamoricière to establish a field in Lalla-Maghnia, on a left tributary of the Tafna. The Moroccans, who considered the Tafna course as a border, attacked the Lalla-Maghnia camp on May 30, 1844,… Read More »

Morocco Independence

According to the last census (1951-52), the European population in Morocco was made up of 362,000 individuals, of which 84% were French, the rest Spaniards, Italians and Portuguese. Over a third of the European population is centered in Casablanca. Compared to the first official census (1936) there has been an increase of 160,000 Europeans. The… Read More »

South Africa in the 21st Century

The 20th century ended in the South Africa with the handover between Nelson Mandela, the charismatic president of the end of apartheid and the advent of democracy, and Thabo Mbeki, an experienced and pragmatic politician, who took office on June 16, 1999. The retirement of Mandela, with his explicit connotation of physiological alternation at the… Read More »

Somalia Economy

At the time of independence (1960), Somalia, very poor in natural resources and almost entirely inhabited by nomads mainly dedicated to livestock farming, presented the typical characteristics of a country that had hitherto been subject to colonial rule. Some basic infrastructures had been built (canalization works and other irrigation works, opening of roads, improvements to… Read More »

Democratic Republic of Congo since Independence

Independence and secessionist aspirations Only after unrest did Belgium introduce political reforms in 1959 and dismiss the colony under the name “République Démocratique du Congo” (Democratic Republic of the Congo; in contrast to Congo [Brazzaville], today’s Republic of the Congo, unofficially Congo [Léopoldville], from 1966 Congo [ Kinshasa]) rushed to independence on June 30, 1960… Read More »

Chad Environment and Economy

ENVIRONMENT The different succession of plant formations corresponds to the different gradation for climatic bands: from the desert, to N, where the scarce vegetation is dotted with rare oases where the date palm grows, to the bushy and shrubby belt of the sahel characterized by xerophytic plants, to that of the grassy and arborate savannahs… Read More »

Libya Geography

HUMAN GEOGRAPHY The oldest fund of the Libyan population is represented by Berber groups that the successive invasions of Arab peoples have gradually confined to the country’s refuge areas, and in particular above the Tripolitania hills. In Jabal Nafūsah these ancient populations, who live in the characteristic kasr, have partly preserved their identity, but otherwise… Read More »

Tanzania History

PREHISTORY Some sites in Tanzania are of particular interest to the period of the origins of man, thanks to spectacular and numerous finds of very archaic Australopithecine remains. The most important is the locality of Laetoli where, in levels dated to over 3.5 million years, a series of footprints of individuals (perhaps Australopithecus afarensis) were… Read More »

South Africa Politics and Law

South Africa is a state in the extreme south of the African continent with (2018) 57.8 million residents; The capital is Pretoria (Tshwane). The Republic of South Africa covers the southern part of the African continent. The nearly 3,000 km long coastline is accompanied by two important ocean currents. The warm Agulhas Current in the… Read More »

Togo Domestic Issues

Political Parties In total there are over 100 registered parties in Togo. The ruling party is the Union pour la République (Unir), the successor to the Rassemblement du Peuple Togolais (RPT), which was dissolved by President Faure Gnassingbé on April 14, 2012. The formerly strongest opposition party, the Union des Forces de Changement (UFC), was… Read More »

Living in Togo

Culinary One of the special features of Togolese cuisine is fufu, a firm puree made from boiled and mashed pieces of jam and pâte or akoumé, a firm porridge made from corn flour. Gari, which is made from cassava, plays an important role on the Togolese menu. Various delicious sauces are served with these plats… Read More »

Togo Everyday Life

Independence Day: April 27, 1960 Head of state: President Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé Head of government: Prime Minister Victoire Tomegah Dogbe Political system: Presidential multiparty system Democracy Status Index (BTI): Rank 78 of 137 (2020) Corruption Index (CPI): Rank 123 of 180 (2019) Ibrahim Index of African Governance: Rank 30 of 54 (2018) Currency: Franc CFA… Read More »

Travel to Togo

Entry A valid visa is required to enter Togo. You can receive visa applications at the Togolese embassy in Berlin or at the consulates. You will also need the yellow international vaccination book with proof of yellow fever vaccination. The Federal Foreign Office publishes the entry regulations for German citizens to Togo. For a longer… Read More »

Togo Religion

Religion It is difficult to give concrete figures about religious affiliations. One of the reasons for this is that many Togoers do not see this question with the unequivocal exclusivity that we take for granted. For some of the believers it is not a contradiction in terms to additionally make sure of the traditional powers… Read More »

Togo Arts and Literature

Literature Over a period of around 50 years, around one hundred Togolese authors came out with literary publications. The more than 200 publications are novels, short stories, poems, plays, autobiographies, as well as some works of literary criticism and dissertations on literary topics. Togolese fairy tales and legends were collected and published by Leo Frobenius… Read More »

Togo Music

At the beginning of a promising world career, the only 28-year-old Bella Bellow died in 1973 in a traffic accident and thus became an icon of Togolese music. On the 40th anniversary of her death, Junior Fadairo produced a homage ‘Bella Bellow – L’Eternel’ and GhanaWeb commemorated ‘La Blueswoman d’Afrique’. The film clip ‘Reines et… Read More »

Togo Culture

Culture From an economic point of view, Togo is one of the poorer countries in Africa, but it has an extraordinary wealth of cultural diversity. First of all, the writers and theater makers, the musicians and dancers and the representatives of the visual arts, who have achieved an international reputation far beyond the borders of… Read More »

Togo Healthcare

The health system in Togo is inadequate, especially in the rural and northern regions. But also in Lomé the conditions of doctors’ offices and hospitals are mostly very bad. In general, if you have no money, you also have no access to medical care. So it is hardly surprising that traditional medicine and healers continue… Read More »

Togo COVID-19 Pandemic

Fewer official deaths than expected Six months after the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic in Togo, there are 41 deaths according to official information (as of September 20, 2020). The government provides information on the current spread of the pandemic on a specially set up website. The numbers do not correspond to the initially suspected… Read More »