Category Archives: Asia

Chinese Modern Arts (since 1911)

Since the founding of the republic, China has opened up to western art movements. At the beginning of the 20th century, many artists went to Japan to study, where they learned Japanese painting (Nihonga) and Western oil painting. After their return they created a stylistic synthesis of Chinese, Japanese and Western elements. Another point of… Read More »

China Ancient History Part I

Qin (Ch’in, 221–206 BC) King Zheng (Cheng, 246–221) of Qin became the first central ruler of China, a country located in Asia according to In order to stand out from the predecessor dynasty, whose title of ruler (Wang) had been usurped by all sovereign princes towards the end of the Zhou period, but also… Read More »

Russia History Timeline

According to, Russia or the Russian Federation is the largest country on Earth. Russia can be divided into 5 main regions: European Russia, which stretches from the western border to the Ural Mountains – traditionally perceived as the border between Europe and Asia – is a huge lowland area intersected by the rivers Volga,… Read More »

Places to Visit in Cambodia

According to Mathgeneral, the Kingdom of Cambodia is located in Southeast Asia. The state is located on the Gulf of Thailand between Vietnam, Laos and Thailand. The capital is Phnom Penh located in the south of the country. The Mekong, one of the longest rivers in the world, crosses the country and shapes the central… Read More »


SPOTLIGHT : Ecuador has revoked its membership in OPEC with effect from January 1, 2020. The country suspended its membership in December 1992, but rejoined OPEC in October 2007. After Qatar also left OPEC on January 1, 2019, OPEC currently has 13 members (as of February 2021). Background According to psyknowhow, OPEC is an international… Read More »

Japan Agriculture

Japan has become the second largest economic power after the US since the 1960s, but was overtaken in this position by China in 2010. Japan is the only non-western country among the leading industrial nations and is increasingly dependent on the Asian economic area. About 50% of Japanese foreign trade takes place in this region,… Read More »

China Human Geography

Urbanism has undergone significant development: 51.9% live in cities, but almost half live in villages. The village varies somewhat from region to region. Where intensive agriculture is practiced – as in the South – there are dense groups of houses scattered in the rice fields; elsewhere, however, the compact village dominates. In the North, the… Read More »

The People’s Democratic Republic of Laos

Coalition Governments and Civil War In the following years a power struggle broke out between the pro-Western forces supported by the USA (Prince Boun Oum [* 1911 or 1912, † 1980], Prime Minister 1948-50 and 1960-62), the neutralists (Souvanna Phouma) and the pro-communist von North Vietnam supported the Pathet Lao (Souvanna Vong) movement. Souvanna Phouma… Read More »

Information about Indonesia

Indonesia fits perfectly into the description of the dream of a tropical and adventurous paradise. Here you will find turquoise sea, chalk white beaches, deep rainforest, exotic food and a welcoming colorful population that is close to a smile. Indonesia is, in addition to the world’s largest archipelago, a nation with a large number of… Read More »

Vietnam Literature

Literature was born under the Chinese cultural influence and is nourished by that culture, it absorbs the Confucian and Buddhist ideological tendencies and manifests itself with the same ideographic signs throughout the millennium of direct Chinese domination (3rd century BC – 10th century d. C.) and still for some centuries after the end of the… Read More »

Iran Literature: The Neo-Persian Production

With the Arab invasion of the century. VII begins the neo-Persian literature. The rich and vital Arab tradition grafted onto the aristocratic aristocratic culture of the Sassanids, so much so that after just over a century the Persian literary lexicon was largely replaced by the Arab one. Neo-Persian literature appears perhaps as the most refined… Read More »

Iran Arts Part II

After the Arabs had taken over the Sassanid empire over a period of twenty years, as a country located in Middle East according to top-mba-universities, Iran (which then also included Soviet Turkestan and Afghan Khorāsān) became part of the Islamic cultural area and represented one of the sectors more lively and creative than the Muslim… Read More »

Iran Arts Part I

The development of Iranian education has been analogous to that of the Arab nations. The Constitution of 1906 established the principle of compulsory schooling but only in 1942 was a law enacted in this regard which was applied after the Second World War. Officially, education is compulsory for all children aged 6 to 11, but… Read More »

Iran Music and Cinema

(Jomhūrī-ye Eslamī-ye Irān). As a country located in Middle East according to collegesanduniversitiesinusa, Iran is a state of Western Asia (1,648,195 km²). Capital: Tehran. Administrative division: ostān provinces (30). Population: 72,213,000 residents (2008 estimate). Language: fārsī (Persian). Religion: Muslims (Shiites 93.9%, Sunnis 5.7%) Christians 0.1%, others 0.3%. Monetary unit: riāl (100 dinars). Human Development Index:… Read More »

Travel to Kazakhstan

Entry and residence regulations Since July 15, 2014, a visa was no longer required for German citizens for a stay of up to 15 days in Kazakhstan, and since January 1, 2017, there has been no visa for a period of 30 days. For all longer stays, a visa must be applied for at the… Read More »

Kazakhstan Religion

At the beginning of the 1990’s, the new freedom of religion, combined with the end of the Soviet ideology and the difficult socio-economic times, led to a revival of religions in Kazakhstan as well. People were able to profess their faith, and numerous new churches and places of worship were built. All the information about… Read More »

Kazakhstan Culture and Arts

The culture of the Kazakhs was a nomadic culture, which is why it has partly been lost due to the settlement or has been robbed of its original meaning. But you can still or again today observe a number of typical phenomena. The great hospitality, for example, is seen as a nomadic legacy, as is… Read More »

Kazakhstan Education and Health

Education and youth In terms of securing the future, the state attaches great importance to education, successes can be seen, but not yet resounding. Given the size of the country and the task, this does not seem surprising; The still comparatively poor pay of teachers and the widespread corruption represent an unresolved old and the… Read More »

Kazakhstan Women and Gender

Almost 53% of Kazakhstan’s population are female. Their position in political and economic leadership positions is by no means dominant and not on an equal footing in social life and on the income scale, but it is relatively good, especially in comparison with other countries in the region. This is also expressed by the various… Read More »

Kazakhstan Social Situation

In today’s Kazakhstan, the Kazakh language and culture is gradually gaining ground again, but Russian is still of great importance. The many nationalities live together peacefully. There are great differences between social classes, generations, city and country, north and south. Share alphabet. Adults: 99.8% Major religions: sunni. Islam (70%); Russian Orthodox (26%) Urban population: 58.2%… Read More »

Kazakhstan Ethnic Groups

Kazakhstan is not only the ninth largest country in the world, but members of 120 nationalities also live on its territory. The diversity of languages, religions, traditions and cultures is correspondingly large – even if in the past the “Soviet” was unmistakable and today “Kazakh” is increasingly in the foreground. In addition, the living conditions… Read More »

Kazakhstan Economic Sectors

Mining and industry The share of industry in GDP is around 35%. The leading industries are mining, nuclear and chemical industries, mechanical engineering, construction and pharmaceuticals. The largest mining and steel-producing companies are located in central Kazakhstan, where coal and ore deposits are located close together in Karagandy / Temirtau and Ekibastus (Pavlodar region). The… Read More »

Kazakhstan Petroleum and Gas

The economic development of independent Kazakhstan was a success story up to 2014, mainly thanks to its immense oil reserves. The globally falling oil price combined with structural problems has increasingly led to economic problems that the government is trying to counter with infrastructure and austerity programs. According to estatelearning, most important for Kazakhstan’s economy… Read More »

Kazakhstan Economy Overview

After the deep fall of all the former Soviet republics after the end of the Union (high inflation, bankruptcy of many companies, unemployment, etc.) in the mid-1990’s, Kazakhstan’s economy initially developed positively. The great wealth of raw materials, especially crude oil, but also natural gas, coal, uranium, iron ore, copper, chromium, titanium, tungsten, nickel, phosphorus,… Read More »

Kazakhstan Foreign Policy

In recognition of its geographic location, Kazakhstan has pursued an active foreign policy that is open to all sides from the start, and the freedom from nuclear weapons was one of its most important requirements. Under the catchphrase multi-vector policy, the leadership initially established close political and economic contacts with its large neighbors Russia and… Read More »

Kazakhstan Media and Internet

According to official figures, 3,520 mass media (newspapers and magazines, radio and television stations, information agencies, internet media) were registered in Kazakhstan in 2019, the majority of which were printed matter. 16% of them appear in Kazakh, almost 25% in Russian, 36% in both languages. There is also media in several minority languages. Nevertheless, Kazakhstan… Read More »

Kazakhstan under Nazarbayev

Political life under Nazarbayev Contrary to the expectations of many observers, the independent Kazakhstan developed peacefully in the first quarter of a century, despite the initially tense socio-economic situation and the very multinational composition of its population. Despite statements to the contrary by Kazakh politicians, there was no democratization, on the contrary, there was a… Read More »

Leader of Kazakhstan – Nursultan Nazarbayev Part II

The successor In his resignation speech, Nursultan Nazarbayev announced that the previous chairman of the Senate, Kasym-Dschomart Tokayev, would be his successor until the end of his regular term in 2020. The swearing-in took place on March 20, 2019. Tokayev, born on May 17th, 1953 in Alma-Ata, is an experienced, level-headed politician from the immediate… Read More »

Leader of Kazakhstan – Nursultan Nazarbayev Part I

The “Leader of the Nation” The defining figure of the independent Kazakhstan is Nursultan Nazarbayev (born July 6, 1940). As party leader of the KasSSR, he was first elected to the newly created office of president by the Supreme Soviet of the Union Republic in 1990 and was confirmed as the only candidate by the… Read More »

Kazakhstan Government Structure

Kazakhstan is a young nation-state whose political development is largely determined by its increasingly autocratic ruling president. Democracy only exists on paper, freedom of expression is restricted, but Kazakhstan is not a police state and, above all, is stable internally and externally. Independence Day: December 16, 1991 Head of state: Kasym-Dschomart Tokayev Head of government:… Read More »