Category Archives: Asia

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Libya Ancient Ethnography

The entry Libya derives from the name of one of the ancient populations of Cyrenaica, which is not known to us directly from indigenous sources, but only through the testimonies of other peoples (Egyptians, Jews, Greeks, Carthaginians) who knew about it or came with it to contact. In Egyptian documents from the end of the… Read More »

Indonesia – Paleo Indonesians

To these belong the Bataki (600 thousand) and the Gajo of northern Sumatra (about 40 thousand); the populations of Nias, the Mentavei islands (12 thousand) and Engano (1914: 294); the Daiaki, a name that in a broad sense designates many tribes of Borneo, such as eg. the Kajan, the Kenja, the Murut, the Dusun, the… Read More »

Provinces in Central China

Henan Henan [x ʌ nan], Honan, province in central China, 167,000 km 2, (2010) 94.0 million residents; The capital and important railway junction is Zhengzhou.Flowed through by the Hwangho in the north, Henan is very fertile (extensive, mighty loess deposits) and one of the most densely populated provinces. Because of numerous natural disasters on Hwangho… Read More »

Turkey Society and Human Rights

Population and society The Turkish population comprises more than 75 million people. The growth (1.2% between 2010 and 2015) is above average Eu, although in recent years is slowing down. The fertility rate (2.04 children per woman) is decreasing, also thanks to the higher rate of female education. In addition, the population is young (over… Read More »

India Reform of 1935

The reform of 1935 was strongly opposed by the Indian Congress, which nevertheless ended up deciding to participate in the elections of January-February 1937; rightly so, because they marked his great success. Congress refused, however, to establish ministries in the seven provinces in which it had a majority if the governors had not declared that… Read More »

Cyprus Religion and History

Population. – The demographic increase, although not significant, has nevertheless been constant. From the 1930 census there were 347,392 residents Later there were some estimates, which gave 361,000 residents in 1935, 372,800 residents in 1938, 424,600 residents in 1944. Finally, in 1946 a census was held, of which until today (August 1948) only the general… Read More »

Sightseeing in Kazakhstan

Bayterek observation tower The Baitarek (also Bajterek) lookout tower towers over the roofs of Astana. It is 105 meters high, the most famous landmark of the capital of Kazakhstan and is located in a beautifully landscaped park next to the newly built government district. Symbolic tree of life The elegant shape of the tower, designed… Read More »

Sightseeing in Turkey

Turkey – the country between Orient and Occident! Let yourself be fascinated by Asia Minor, with the ancient sites of Ephesus, Troy, Pergamon and Hierapolis. Discover the city on two continents, Istanbul, with the Blue Mosque, Hagia Sophia, the Chora Church, the Hippodrome, the Theodosian Land Wall, the Sea Wall, the Dolmabahce Palace, the Maiden’s… Read More »

East Timor State Overview

Government and politics According to topschoolsintheusa, East Timor is a parliamentary representative democratic republic where the Prime Minister is the head of Government. The executive power is exercised by the government; the legislative, by the National Parliament and the government; and the judicial, by the Supreme Court of Justice. The President is only the Head… Read More »

Pakistan History

Against the background of the independence movement in British India (India, history), M. Iqbal, as President of the annual conference of the Muslim League (1930), developed the idea of ​​an independent state for Indian Muslims for the first time. Rahmat Ali (* 1893, † 1951) proposed the name »Pakistan« for such a state in 1933… Read More »

Kazakhstan Main Cities

Almaty Almaty, until 1921 Werny, until 1993 Alma-Ata, independent city in Kazakhstan, 700–900 m above sea level, on the northern slope of the Transili-Alatau, a foothill of the northern Tian Shan; (2019) 1.9 million residents, of which around a third are Russians. With several mountain rivers and streams flowing through it, Almaty is the cultural… Read More »

Vietnam Brief History

The formerly relatively closed country was opened to tourists in the early 1990s and has since become a popular destination. Vietnam has a long and interesting history, which many may not think of because it usually associates the country with bloody wars. First the long colonization of the French and then the tragic Vietnam War.… Read More »

Asia and the Maritime Conflicts Part I

Why are there so many acute conflicts over the demarcation of sea areas in Asia right now? In European eyes, some of them appear almost incomprehensible, and the drama around them evokes wonder. The warring parties seem to lack the ability to quell the conflicts – not to mention finding solutions to them. In addition,… Read More »

China Contemporary Literature (since 1949)

As of 1949, Chinese literature was divided into two obvious and two other less obvious camps. First there is the mainland and Taiwan, then there is Hong Kong and Macau and finally the overseas Chinese. An exodus took place in 1949, but those who went to Taiwan or Hong Kong often went on to America… Read More »

What is Income Inequality?

Income inequality is again in the spotlight. Earlier this year, The World Economic Forum (a gathering of political leaders and business leaders from around the world) stated that the growing gap between rich and poor is the biggest risk factor for the global economy in the years to come. In the media we can also… Read More »

People’s Republic of China Part V

After fifteen years of negotiations, China (in connection with further opening up and liberalization of the economy) achieved its admission to the WTO as the 143rd member on November 10, 2001 (in force since December 11, 2001). With the first manned Chinese flight into space on 15./16. 10. 2003 (multiple orbits of the earth by… Read More »

Ethnic Cleansing in Myanmar Part III

Chief of Defense Min Aung Hlaing adheres to the letter of the Constitution. He does not take orders from any state adviser, only from the president. The constitution also gives him the right to oppose the president’s order if he believes the country’s national security is threatened. Suu Kyi does not want to lead the… Read More »

People’s Republic of China Part IV

In 1992 China, a country located in Asia according to, formally acceded to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and advocated a future nuclear test ban agreement, but refused to participate in a 1992 moratorium on nuclear weapons tests agreed by the US, Russia, Great Britain and France. However, after a Chinese nuclear test in June… Read More »

Ethnic Cleansing in Myanmar Part II

In 2012, Rakhine activists launched violent attacks on Muslim neighborhoods in Rakhine’s capital, Sittwe. About 120,000 Rohingya were then imprisoned in camps just outside the city, where they still live. In a 2014 census, everyone in Myanmar was asked about their ethnicity, but Rohingya were not allowed to answer. As a result, the census could… Read More »

People’s Republic of China Part III

The downside of the economic upswing was the previously unknown inflation, corruption and the increase in serious crime, which the government fought with mass executions. The restrictive measures of the reform course included the ban on wall newspapers (1979), the elimination of the right to strike from the constitution (1982) and the administratively decreed “one-child… Read More »

Ethnic Cleansing in Myanmar Part I

Since August 2017, the army in Myanmar has forced around 600,000 Rohingya Muslims to flee across the border into Bangladesh. An unknown number have been killed. Aung San Suu Kyi, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 and now heads the civilian part of Myanmar’s government, has failed to criticize the army’s conduct.… Read More »

People’s Republic of China Part II

In the following terrorist and purge campaign, carried out by Red Guards and spreading across the country, the party and state apparatus was largely smashed, but not the internal party anti-Maoist opposition in the provinces. When the resistance against the terror of the runaway Red Guards threatened to spark a civil war, the army intervened… Read More »

Philippines History: From Magellan’s Discovery to Independence

Although the Portuguese had already landed in Mindanao, the discoverer of the Philippines is considered Magellan, who arrived there from the east during the first voyage of circumnavigation of the globe (March 16, 1521) and called them “islands of San Lazzaro”. In 1542 Ruy López de Villalobos landed in Mindanao and Leyte and baptized them… Read More »

Travel to Burma

People and oxen wade around in mud up to their knees on the green rice fields. Thick bamboo trunks flow quietly down the Pegu River. Dressed elephants drag heavy tree trunks from teak and rubber plantations, and Buddhist monks in burgundy-red robes walk the streets with empty food bowls that the people reverently fill with… Read More »

Chinese Theater Part II

20th century – development of spoken theater The spoken theater only became known at the beginning of the 20th century. One impulse came from the movement of May 4, 1919, with which spoken theater moved into the center of interest alongside prose; it seemed capable of illuminating everyday life, the problems of the individual and… Read More »

People’s Republic of China Part I

Communist transformation (1949-64) On October 1, 1949, Mao Zedong proclaimed the People’s Republic of China and headed the state as President of the Central Council of the People’s Government. Zhou Enlai became Prime Minister. According to the specific interpretation of Marxism-Leninism by Mao (Maoism), the party and state leadership initiated a radical transformation of state… Read More »

Iran Economy

The advent of while 90% lived in more or less desperate conditions. In particular, agriculture was placed in the global framework of the country as an immense pocket of backwardness and marginalization, while food self-sufficiency was far from being achieved. The advent of while 90% lived in more or less desperate conditions. In particular, agriculture… Read More »

Attractions in Sri Lanka

Up in the mountains it is eternal spring, the monkeys swing between the trees and the water cascades of the rivers rush down towards the palm beaches. Buddhist temples and monasteries make their mark on the entire island. Sri Lanka breathes peace and quiet. Relaxation is something that is prioritized by both residents and visitors.… Read More »

Chinese Theater Part I

chinese theater [ç-]. Until the introduction of spoken theater in the early 20th century, the Chinese theater was a musical theater with fixed roles. This emerged from the combination of religious ritual, courtly ceremonial dance and circus-like games as well as various kinds of musical performances. Traditionally, the position of the playwright in Chinese society… Read More »

China Ancient History Part X

From the end of the 18th century, uprisings from secret groups spread throughout the empire; in western China the sect “White Lotus” (1796–1804) dominated, in south- western China the non-Chinese Miao rose, and the Muslim population of western China (Hui) reacted in the mid-19th century with revolts to the displacement by land-hungry Chinese settlers. The… Read More »