Category Archives: Europe

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Germany Livestock and Fishing

Livestock and fishing The cultivation of fodder plants with stable breeding, before the world war was in continuous increase to satisfy the need for an ever greater number of meat and dairy animals, required by the increase in population and its improved regime food. It is mainly done in NW Germany, in the Middle Mountains,… Read More »

Germany Merchant Navy

The proud navies of the Hanseatic ports took a fatal blow both from the Cromwell Sea Act and from similar measures, adopted in other countries, which made long-distance navigation almost impossible; the repeal of the Act(1851) was the sign of liberation, and the fleets of Hamburg and Bremen nearly doubled in 7 years (1851-57). But the German navy… Read More »

Germany Name and the Modern Geographical Knowledge

The oldest information preserved by the historical tradition around Germanic populations dates back to the second half of the century. IV a. C. and comes to us from the Massiliot Pitea. The first to have direct contact with the Germans were the Romans, who entered into relations with them in Gaul. As we know from… Read More »

Germany Navigation Maritime and Ports

Following the marvelous development of economic activity over the past decades, communications and transportation in Germany were greatly improved; and this improvement in turn gave more impetus to trade. The improvement did not consist only in the number of communication routes that were put in excellent condition, but also in the facilities that were made… Read More »

Germany Population and Economy 1933

On March 13, 1938, the territories of the Austrian republic became part of the German Reich as a Land. On the basis of the results of the Munich convention of 29 September 1938, the Sudetic territories also became part of the Reich. The following data update voice Germany for the territories belonging to the Reich first… Read More »

Germany Population and Economy 1939

Population. – The number of residents of the regions and cities of Germany has undergone considerable variations, in addition to war warnings, due to the fact that all the Germans in Poland have been forced to move across the new border; a similar transfer was also made from Czechoslovakia (see History). Overall, it is estimated… Read More »

Germany Population Distribution and Density

Distribution and population density. – The general average population density per square kilometer is 134, but the population is far from being evenly distributed. In fact, if we disregard the urban circle of Berlin and the small states made up of the cities of Hamburg, Bremen and Lübeck, we find that some states and provinces… Read More »

Germany Prehistory – Bronze Age

Bronze Age (from about 2000 to 800 BC). – According to, Bronze was not produced in Germany at first, but was introduced there as a material of exchange in the form of bars, axes, rings and spirals. However, the new metal was soon being worked on in Germany too, and cast bronze objects were produced.… Read More »

Germany Prehistory – Iron Age

Early phase of the Iron Age or Hallstatt (about 800-400 BC). – The civilization of the earliest Hallstatt period in southern Germany is the product of the merger of the primitive population – preserved eg. on the heights of the Swabian Alb – with the immigrant populations probably from the eastern regions of the urnfield civilization. This civilization… Read More »

Germany Prehistory – Neolithic Age

Neolithic age (approximately from 4000 to 2000 BC). – Agriculture and livestock breeding, with which the sedentary lifestyle, the construction of houses and fortified walls, and the beginnings of coexistence in villages are connected, bring with them enormous progress in civil life. In this period, the transformation and cultivation of the uncultivated land forever opened up… Read More »

Germany Prehistory – Paleolithic Age

The prehistory of Germany does not coincide with the prehistory of the Germans, much less with that of the Germans. The real prehistory of Germany – based almost exclusively on archaeological documents – has nothing to do with the Germans, since it only reaches up to the beginning of the Common Era, and for the… Read More »

Sweden Boundaries and Coasts

Boundaries. – Sweden is between 55 ° 20 ′ (Smyge huk) and 69 ° 4 ′ lat. N. (Cippo di Koltajaure) and between 10 ° 58 ‘and 24 ° 10’ long. E. The greatest length from north to south is km. 1574, the greatest width is about km. 500. Of the total surface area of… Read More »

Spain Climate

The conditions of the relief find their immediate reflection in those of the climate. A large internal mass with a temperate continental climate, surrounded by more or less extensive fringes of zones with a maritime climate, with intervals that mark fairly clear transitions: the reflection could not be more evident. Unfortunately, Spain lacks the establishment… Read More »

Portugal Cinematography

The forties and fifties According to topmbadirectory, the 1940s, characterized by a strong political and cultural isolation, represented the moment of greatest development for the Lisboet comedy genre, which was accompanied by the production of historical-patriotic films so dear to Ferro. In 1941 Lopes Ribeiro founded Produções António Lopes Ribeiro, which produced two successful musical… Read More »

Hungary Cinematography After World War II

The Second World War, further reducing imports, caused a further increase in production; In the midst of many negligible works, two of great value and originality emerged: Zavaros éjszaka (1940, A restless night) by Frigyes Bán and Emberek a havason (1942; Men of the mountains) by István Szőts are the first Hungarian films awarded abroad… Read More »

Finland Boundaries and Hydrography

Country and state of Northern Europe, which is part of the morphological region called Fennoscandia. The name is Germanic (Finnland, that is “country of the Finns”) and is found for the first time in ecclesiastical documents of 1229. However, its area was for a long time restricted to those parts of the SO. that the… Read More »

Spain Before World War II

The end of the civil war. – With the battle of the Ebro the civil war entered its final phase. It began with the offensive of the Ehalan army on 25 July 1938 against the lines held by Franco’s forces along the river; towards the middle of August the republican forces (gen. Vicente Rojo) managed… Read More »

Poland Flora and Fauna

Vegetation and flora The geographical position of Poland between central and eastern Europe makes its flora interesting, which on the whole has greater relationships and affinities with the Germanic flora than with the Russian one. In the coastal area of ​​the Baltic there are Atlantic elements (Erica tetralix, Myrica Gale), with frequent halophyte and psammophyte plants.… Read More »

Sweden Demographics 1940

Demographic data. – The population of Sweden was 6,371,432 at December 31, 1940 (census), which, according to population assessments, rose to 6,763,685 as of December 31, 1946. The average annual increase was 0.35% between 1930 and 1935, by 0.38% between 1935 and 1940 and by 0.93% between 1940 and 1946. From 1939 to 1946 93,406… Read More »

Hungary Demographics 1970

According to the census carried out in January 1970, the Hungary counted 10,315,600 residents and since then growth has been limited, as the birth rate (1976-77: 17.2% o) slightly exceeds the mortality coefficient (12.5% ​​o). An estimate from January 1978 gave 10,650,000 residents. Budapest now has over 2 million residents, which is home to the… Read More »

Portugal Cinematography Since the 1980’s

João Mário Grilo revealed himself with Maria (1979) and A estrangeira (1983). The Reis-Cordeiro couple continued with Ana (1985) their discourse on matter, symbols and values ​​of the earth. Monteiro con Silvestre (1981) exalted the transgressive aspect of Lusitanian mythology and legends. Botelho rose to prominence thanks to Conversa acabada (1982; Conversation concluded between Pessoa… Read More »

Belgium Transport and Communications

One of the most powerful factors of the great economic development of Belgium, one of the most valid elements of the social arrangement of the whole country, is in the communications system with which it was modernly equipped. First on the European continent to plant the railway on its own soil, Belgium owned at the… Read More »

Austria Climate and Economy

Climate The climate is continental with rich and alternating precipitations. Precipitation is linked to the influence of the air masses, still humid, coming from the Atlantic (especially in summer and in the western regions) and of those, cold and dry, that the Siberian anticyclone pushes towards the West during the winter season, and which accentuate… Read More »

Bulgaria Transport and Communications

Although it is a mountainous country, Bulgaria does not present natural difficulties in the internal communication routes. The Balkans and the Srednja Gora, passable in several points, were ab antiquo crossed by roads, with which the Romans left here too a reminder of their greatness. But at the time of the liberation the roads, apart… Read More »

Cyprus Religion and History

Population. – The demographic increase, although not significant, has nevertheless been constant. From the 1930 census there were 347,392 residents Later there were some estimates, which gave 361,000 residents in 1935, 372,800 residents in 1938, 424,600 residents in 1944. Finally, in 1946 a census was held, of which until today (August 1948) only the general… Read More »

Sightseeing in Turkey

Turkey – the country between Orient and Occident! Let yourself be fascinated by Asia Minor, with the ancient sites of Ephesus, Troy, Pergamon and Hierapolis. Discover the city on two continents, Istanbul, with the Blue Mosque, Hagia Sophia, the Chora Church, the Hippodrome, the Theodosian Land Wall, the Sea Wall, the Dolmabahce Palace, the Maiden’s… Read More »

Chisinau, Moldova

According to abbreviationfinder, Chisinau is the capital and the largest municipality of the Republic of Moldova, it has a population of almost eight hundred thousand residents. It was founded in 1436 and its name comes from a source that until now is located in the city. It is located 160 kilometers north of Odessa (famous port of the Black Sea) and… Read More »

Athens, Greece

According to abbreviationfinder, Athens is the capital city of Greece. Geography Athens extends on a Plain of the Peninsula of Attica, limited to the south by the Saronic Gulf ; to the west by mount Egaleo; to the northwest by Mount Parnitha; to the northeast by Mount Pentelic ; and to the east by Mount Imitós. The Municipality of Atenas is located approximately in the center of… Read More »

Sofia, Bulgaria

According to abbreviationfinder, Sofia is one of the oldest cities and the capital of Bulgaria, the last unknown land in Europe and one of the most enigmatic countries in the East. Located at the foot of the Vitosha mountain and due to its strategic location between the Asia-Europe crossroads, Sofia was inhabited by different nations throughout the… Read More »