Category Archives: South America

For the complete list of nations in South America, please visit

Latin America Jobs

The continent of South America has abundant reserves of various minerals. Iron deposits in Brazil and Venezuela represent 1/8 of world production. Chile and Peru extract about 1/4 of the world’s copper production, while tin is found in greater quantities in Bolivia and in the western basin of the Brazilian Amazon. Across the continent, significant… Read More »

State Structure and Political System of Argentina

According to topschoolsintheusa, Argentina is a federal republic. The country has a Constitution of 1853. It has been repeatedly amended. The latter were introduced in 1994. Argentina includes 23 provinces and the federal capital district of the provinces: Buenos Aires, Jujuy, Catamarca, Cordoba, Corrientes, La Plata, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Tierra del Fuego, Rio… Read More »

Politics and Education of Uruguay

State structure and political system of Uruguay Uruguay is a constitutional republic. On November 27, 1966, the Constitution was adopted, which entered into force in February 1967, was repealed on June 27, 1973. The new Constitution did not pass by referendum on November 30, 1980, two constitutional reforms were adopted by plebiscite on November 26,… Read More »

Sights of Paraguay

Paraguay cannot boast of such an abundance of attractions as its neighbors, but the country is distinguished by its uniqueness and originality of tourist destinations, many of which have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Of course, the first undisputed leader is the Iguazu Falls, which is located partly in Paraguay, as well… Read More »

Argentina Cinema

A modest documentary activity develops following the first projections of the Cinematografo Lumière, which took place in Buenos Aires in July 1896. In 1908 the first feature film, El fusilamiento de Dorrego by the Italian M. Gallo, was released, which paved the way for the series of historical reconstructions. With Nobleza gaucha (1915), a great success of the 1910s,… Read More »

Brazil Historical and Administrative Divisions

For King Manuel, “Brazil was but a farm on the Atlantic road with no other value”; the new possession had to acquire importance a few years after its discovery when a real colonizing process began and only since then was the first administrative organization of the colony given. In fact, after the expedition entrusted to… Read More »

Argentina Encyclopedia for Kids

Argentina Between hopes and disappointments A country of great potential, Argentina was hit by a very serious crisis at the beginning of the century; for decades, however, the economic situation was precarious, due to the ups and downs of the international market for agricultural and food products and the unstable political events. Argentina is a… Read More »

Bolivia Arts

After the splendours of the viceroyalty of Peru, of which Bolivia was a part, Bolivian painting has been closing in on literary allegory, only in some cases alleviated by landscaping. Even the happy season of Baroque polychrome wooden sculpture of the colonial period gradually degenerated to the plaster stereotype. As early as 19 0 sec.… Read More »

Brazil Travel Guide

The South American country Brazil knows how to impress in many ways: not only that it is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest in the world. The population of several metropolises like Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and, somewhat behind, the capital Brasilia far exceed the (two-digit) million mark. The Amazon,… Read More »

Venezuela History Timeline

Venezuela is a country on the northern coast of South America. The country is bordered by Colombia to the west, Brazil to the south, Guyana to the east and the islands of Trinidad and Tobago to the north-east. The capital Caracas is the largest city in the country. Other major cities are Maracaibo, Barquisimeto, Valencia,… Read More »

Working and Living in Argentina

About 87% of the population live in cities. Around 16 million people currently live in the metropolitan area of ​​Buenos Aires alone. Around three million each live in the provinces of Cordoba and Santa Fe. The rest of the country is rather sparsely populated. The only official language is Spanish, although Argentine Spanish differs in… Read More »

Cities and Places in Uruguay

Punta del Este 140 km east of Montevideo is the seaside resort of Punta del Este, which is particularly popular with South American tourists. The small town with actually only 30,000 residents then becomes a center of the sophisticated world with fashion shows, sailing regattas and other major sporting events. The landmark of Punta del… Read More »

Brazil Country Information

The country of Brazil got its name from a type of tree, the brazilwood tree, the wood of which is deep red and is called brasil (“glowing red”)by the natives. Today this tree species is almost extinct because it was a sought-after import in Europe. Location The Republic of Brazil is almost as big as… Read More »

Independent Peru

In 1829 Peru broke away from Bolívar’s Greater Colombia. A period of bloody civil wars followed, in which conservatives and liberals faced each other. The Bolivian dictator A. Santa Cruz intervened in the turmoil in 1836 by uniting Peru with Bolivia into a federal state. He was overthrown after his defeat in the war against… Read More »

Chile Geography

As an Unitary Republic on the basis of the Constitution which entered into force in March 1981 (subsequently modified with the referendum of 30 July 1989), Chile is a presidential democratic Republic. Executive power is exercised by the President of the Republic, elected every 6 years by direct universal suffrage. Legislative power is entrusted to… Read More »

Chile Industry and Tourism

ECONOMY: INDUSTRY AND MINERAL RESOURCES The secondary sector, even if diversified, is not sufficiently competitive: it participates for a third in the formation of GDP and employs just over a fifth of the workforce. The regional differences in the industrial distribution are notable; the economic monopoly is maintained by the area around the capital, Santiago,… Read More »

Chile History: Governments From Balmaceda to Allende

(República de Chile). State of South America (756,096 km²). Capital: Santiago (administrative capital), Valparaíso (legislative capital). Administrative division: regions (13). Population: 17.819.054 residents (2014 estimate). Language: Spanish (official), Amerindian languages. Religion: Catholics 70%, Protestants 15.1%, non-religious / atheists 8.3%, others 6.6%. Currency unit: Chilean peso (100 cents). Human Development Index: 0.822 (41st place). Borders: Peru… Read More »

Chile History: From The Pinochet Regime to The Return of Democracy

On 11 September of the same year, with a military coup (in which Allende himself died) all democratic freedoms were suppressed, the Chamber and the Senate dissolved, all party activities suspended and harsh repression against representatives was implemented and followers of Unidad Popular. Political power was entirely concentrated in the hands of a military junta… Read More »

Chile Culture and Traditions

CULTURE: GENERAL INFORMATION The characteristic aspects that distinguish Chile from the rest of the Latin American countries in cultural terms are linked to the presence of a sort of folkloric and artistic “label”, the chilenidad, which has become a symbol of identity and cultural difference, although also based on elements of exogenous origin, introduced by… Read More »

Chile Literature

The long and ferocious war of conquest against the indomitable Araucanians and the impressions of local life represent the two themes of literary activity in the Chilean colonial centuries. A remote colony dependent on the Viceroy of Peru, as a country located in South America according to medicinelearners, Chile receives from Lima, more than from… Read More »

Chile Arts and Music

CULTURE: ART In the valleys of northern Chile, a necropolis and a fortress (impregnable on three sides) have been discovered which are linked to the “El Molle” culture, characterized by a type of thick ceramic and brightly decorated in a geometric style. In the oases of the Atacama Desert, the Atacameños built urban centers of… Read More »

Chile Theater and Cinema

CULTURE: THEATER The ballet arrived in Chile, like the opera, only in the nineteenth century, with performances by foreign companies and ensembles. A national production, albeit of little importance, and dance schools have sprung up in the present century; after 1940 the first companies were formed (Ballet de la Universidad de Chile and Ballet Clásico).… Read More »

Tacna, Peru Travel Guide

San Pedro de Tacna, as it was originally called, is an ancient Peruvian city with a Chilean prehistory. Today it belongs to the city of Peru. Numerous monuments and streets are named after heroes from Peru’s independence struggle, as it was a time that radically affected the city’s development. In Spanish, the inhabitants of Tacna… Read More »