According to abbreviationfinder, Chisinau is the capital and the largest municipality of the Republic of Moldova, it has a population of almost eight hundred thousand residents. It was founded in 1436 and its name comes from a source that until now is located in the city. It is located 160 kilometers north of Odessa (famous port of the Black Sea) and has a beautiful Orthodox cathedral from the 19th century.
It is the industrial, political, economic and cultural center of the country, it has important state buildings, universities, schools, theaters, museums, and many places for leisure. The streets are not very clean and there are many old and abandoned buildings, but there are also others that cannot be found anywhere else.
Chisináu emerged in 1436 as a monastery town of the Principality of Moldavia, with the passage of time, it underwent transformations and already in the 16th century it was conquered by the Turks who made it a treasure of the Ottoman Empire. Later in the year 1812, products of the Russo-Turkish wars became the property of Russia. In 1918 it became part of the territory of independent Romania along with the rest of Bessarabia and in 1940 it became an integral part of the Soviet Union.
With the emergence of the Second World War, an unhappy period began for this city, the city suffered great damage during the occupation by the forces of fascist Germany that ended with the almost total destruction of the territory and the extermination of most of Its Jewish population, years later, had to be subjected to heavy reconstruction work.
After the breakup of the USSR in 1991, Chisinau became the capital of independent Moldova
Location and climate
This town is located in the center of the country on the banks of the Bic River. Chisinau’s climate is continental, with large seasonal changes in climate and temperature. Chisinau enjoys a monthly average of maximum temperatures of 20 ° C from May to September. In winter the maximum temperatures of Chisinau are above 0-5 ° C from December to March, making the summer season better to visit Chisinau.
About 664,700 people live in this city, of which, according to official data, the majority are of Moldovan origin but there are also Russian, Ukrainian, Romanian, Bulgarian and Gagauz groups. See population of Moldova.
The main lines of its economy are: the production of food products, wine, textiles, electrical equipment, agricultural machinery and tobacco products. Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, the capital has become a relatively lively city with a higher standard of living than most rural areas.
Today, although not many ancient monuments are preserved, tourists who come to the Moldovan capital find a picturesque city embellished by numerous parks and lakes where they can visit famous buildings and places such as: the presidential palace, the beautiful Orthodox cathedral from the 19th century and the horseman statue of Stefan Cel Mare, a 15th century war chief and one of the most famous men in the history of Moldova.
Visitors can also enjoy visiting the National Museum of History, appreciating the collections in the Brancusi Gallery, taking pictures of the Arc de Triomphe, and touring the Botanical Garden and the Zoo.
In the city there are thirty-six universities and five public institutes, the Moldovan Academy of Sciences, the Moldavian State University and several scientific research centers also have their headquarters.
The city has many green areas, ancient trees, and you can find three types of urban and temple architecture – European, Turkish and Russian, – that become a unique Romanian or Moldovan style.
It is the center of the country’s industry, politics, economy and culture, so it has important state buildings, universities and schools, theaters and museums, and many places of leisure. The streets are not very clean and there are quite a few old and abandoned buildings, but there are also others that you cannot find anywhere else.
Chisinau contains numerous cultural attractions, with pleasant possibilities for theater, opera, ballet, and classical music concerts. The Soviet-style monuments of Chisinau are reminiscent of the time when Moldova was part of the powerful Soviet Union. Chisinau also has several interesting museums that cover diverse topics from Slavic folk art to national history and the work of Alexander Pushkin.
The Arc de Triomphe: Together with the cathedral, it is one of the most emblematic monuments of Chisinau and one of the few that still stands after the bombings of the Second World War. This arch was built in 1840 from a design made by the architect Luca Zauşkevici. The triumphal arch and the cathedral dominate the central park from the northern part.
In terms of transport, Chisináu offers the possibility of traveling by air to other European locations, as well as allowing people to move around the region by buses, minibuses, trains and taxis.