According to abbreviationfinder, city of San Marino (in Italian: Città di San Marino ) is the capital of the Serene Republic of San Marino and the third most populated city in this small country located within the Italian territory. The city located on Mount Titano in the Apennine Mountains. In 2008, during the XXXII Session of the Committee of the World Heritage of UNESCO its historic center and Mount Titano were declared a World Heritage Site.
The city occupies a space of 7.09 km² and is located on Mount Titano located within the Apennine Mountains, specifically between the coordinates 43 ° 56′N 12 ° 26′E and 749 masl (meters above sea level), It has a population of 7,560. See population of San Marino.
The city was founded September 3, 301 by Marino and several Christian refugees that later grew until they became a center for Christian refugees fleeing from Roman persecutions, as in those years the city of San Marino was everything. the territory that covered the republic of the same name, it is considered that due to this San Marino was recorded in history as the oldest republic in all of Europe.
The city was fortified over the years and centuries due to constant wars that had no end. Among the fortifications that were raised to protect the urban nucleus of the city, three towers stand out: the first of them called Guaita, was built in the 11th century, this initial tower had an incredible fortress which was impossible to overcome by reducing in this way and to a large extent the attacks on the city, since the attackers felt powerless and unable to succeed or be victorious before that insurmountable barrier, which resulted in them being discouraged from continuing to fight and losing the motivation to persist in the attack, for which this tower was reputed to be insurmountable.
In the thirteenth century it was necessary to build a second tower called the Basket, because despite the first the wars did not stop. In the fourteenth century a third tower was built, this being the smallest of all, which was built on the last of the summits of the mount of the three peaks, the Titan, which they called the Montale and with this it was possible to complete the end the entire defensive system in San Marino.
Due to the natural growth of the population and migrations, the city grew in number of residents and with the passing of the years and centuries the space for new residents was restricted, a space that remained the same territory as always with only a few How many kilometres; and then to give shelter to the new residents it became necessary to cross those physical borders and build in new neighboring lands that could not be obtained or occupied by force of arms, since the country’s policy did not include invasion or use From the war to obtain new territories, it is then that through purchases and treaties that San Marino manages to obtain the other nine castles that it currently has and to grow as a city.
For some years now, the economy of the City of San Marino has ceased to be driven by the extraction of stones, marble carvings and the influence of some branches of the country’s industry, to reorient itself towards more promising and larger economic activities. income such as tourism and trade, which has led San Marino to obtain one of the highest GDP per capita in all of Europe and in the world in general.
The city has a historical center of great importance not only at the city or country level but also worldwide where the Cathedral of San Francisco stands out, a temple built in the 15th century within which you can see pictorial representations of important artists, San Marino also has an infinity of famous monuments, among which the City Hall or public palace should be highlighted, the three castles that ensured the defense of the city in ancient times (Guaita, Cesta and Montale), the Palace of the Captains, the Titan square, the Garibaldi square (monument to Marino), the Santa Clara Monastery, the Emigrant museum among others, which is why it is visited by more than three million tourists a year, which makes it an important tourist pole.
The Palazzo Pubblico is the city hall of the City of San Marino as well as the official building of the Government of the Republic of San Marino. The building, where the official ceremonies of the state take place, is the seat of the main institutions and administration of the Republic: the Captains Regents, the Great and General Council, the Council of the Twelve and the State Congress.
Located on the site of the ancient building called Domus Magna Comunis, the current building was designed by the Roman architect, Frencesco Azzurri, and was built between 1884 and 1894. After its centenary, a total renovation project was carried out given the building’s insecurity by current standards. The intervention was completed by the renowned international architect, Gae Aulenti, on September 30, 1996.