According to abbreviationfinder, Dublin is a coastal city, located in Dublin Bay, an inlet of the Irish Sea, and the capital of the Republic of Ireland.
The modern city retains the anglicized Irish name of the latter’s old and original Irish name. After the Norman invasion, Dublin became the key center of military and judicial power, with most of its power concentrated in Dublin Castle until independence.
From the 14th century to the late 16th century, Dublin and its surroundings, known as the stockade, formed the largest area of Ireland under government control. For several centuries the parliament was located in Drogheda, but it was permanently moved to Dublin after Henry II conquered County Kildare in 1504.
Dublin also had local citizenship administration via its corporation since the Middle Ages. It represented the oligarchic union until it was reformed in 1840, increasing the democratic lines. Since the 17th century the city expanded rapidly, aided by the Wide Streets Commission. For a short period, Dublin was the second city of the British Empire after London and the fifth largest city in Europe. Most of the city’s most notable architecture dates from that era and is considered its golden age. The famous Guiness Brewery was also established at that time. Handel’s ” Messiah ” was first played in 1742 at the New Music Hall. on Fishamble Street with a combined participation of 26 boys and 5 men from the choirs of the Cathedrals of St. Patrick and the Church of Christ.
The period of 1800 consisted of a relative decline with the industrial growth of Belfast ; in 1900 the population of Belfast was almost double. While Belfast was prosperous and industrial, Dublin had become a city of misery and class division, built on the remnants of lost grandeur, best described in the novel Strumpet City, by James Plunkett, and in the works of Sean O ‘ Casey. Dublin was still the primary center of administration and transportation for most of Ireland, although completely on the fringes of the industrial revolution. The 1916 Easter Rising occurred in the center of the city, causing much of its physical deterioration.
The Anglo-Irish Civil War and the English Civil War further contributed to its destruction, leaving many of its best buildings in ruins. The Irish Free State rebuilt many of these buildings and moved Parliament to Leinster House. During the Emergence of World War II, until 1960, Dublin remained a capital out of time: The city center in particular was kept in architectural repose which made it perfect for filming movies, with many productions such as The Blue Max, and My Left Foot, capturing the sights of that time.
A fact that served as a foundation for later successes in cinematography and film production. With increasing prosperity, modern architecture was introduced to the city, although a vigorous campaign was begun to restore the Georgian-era grandeur of the streets of Dublin, rather than losing the grandeur forever. Since 1997, the landscape of Dublin has changed immensely, with huge private buildings and transport agencies and businesses. Some of the best known streets still retain the name of the Pub or the business that occupied the place before its closure or reconstruction.
Since the beginnings of Anglo-Norman rule in the 12th century, the city has served as the capital of the island of Ireland in several geopolitical entities:
- The Lordship of Ireland. (1171–1541)
- The Kingdom of Ireland. (1541–1800)
- The island as part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. (1801–1922)
- The Republic of Ireland. (1919–1922)
From 1922, with the division of the island, it became the capital of the Irish Free State (1922–1949) and is now the capital of the Republic of Ireland. (Many of these states coexisted or competed within the same time frame vying between Irish or British constitutional theory.) One of the memorials to commemorate those times is the Garden of Remembrance.
In 1974, central Dublin was the scene of several terrorist car bomb attacks, which killed dozens of people.
City of writers
The Vikings, Celts, Normans and English settled in Dublin. Many are its historical monuments and unique enclaves, such as the Catholic Cathedral of Saint Patrick (who made the shamrock the Irish national emblem, because he considered it the symbolic representation of the Trinity), the Trinity College of the University of Dublin, or the Temple Bar, the cultural and leisure district of the city.
But this European city stands out, above all, for being the birthplace of illustrious writers, such as Jonathan Swift (author of Gulliver’s Travels), Oscar Wilde, Bram Stoker (you know his terrifying novel Dracula), George Bernard Shaw or James Joyce. Did you know that this city was chosen for the signing of the enlargement of the European Union to 25 countries, which took place on May 1, 2004.
Commercial and industrial city, and the main port of the country. Its whiskey distilleries and breweries such as the famous Guinness stand out, as well as the electronics and computer industries. Its population is around one million residents. See population of Ireland.
Dublin is home to the fifth largest stadium in Europe, Croke Park, with a capacity of 82,000 people for the Gaelic Athletic Association. The stadium traditionally hosts Gaelic and Hurling football matches during the summer months, as well as international football in alternate years. Different concerts have been presented, such as performances by U2, Robbie Williams, and Westlife who performed there in recent years. The headquarters of almost all sports organizations in Ireland are in Dublin, and the most popular sports that are played in the city are the most popular on the island: Gaelic football, soccer, rugby union and hurling.
Dublin’s most famous industry is the distillery: Guinness has been distilled at the St. James’s Gate Brewery since 1759. Dublin is the center of communications and media in Ireland, with many newspapers, radio stations, television stations and telephone companies that have operational centers.
The Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ) is the national broadcaster of the State, and has its main offices and studios in Donnybrook, Dublin. Fair City is the broadcaster’s soap opera based in the capital, located in the fictional suburb of Carraigstown. TV3, 3e, City Channel, Sky News Ireland and Setanta Sports are also based in Dublin. The main infrastructure and offices of the An Post and the former state telephone company Eircom, as well as Vodafone and O2 are located in the capital. It is also the hub of major national newspapers such as The Irish Times and the Irish Independent.
During the Celtic Tiger years of the mid-to-late 1990s a large number of pharmaceutical and information technology companies have established themselves in Dublin and its suburbs and its large volume of computer industry has led it to become referred to as the Silicon Valley of Europe. The Microsoft EMEA Operations Center is located in the Sandyford Industrial Estate south of the city and Google and Amazon have established operational bases in the city. Intel and Hewlett-Packard have large manufacturing plants in Leixlip, in County Kildare west of Dublin. Google, Yahoo, Ebay and PayPal have their European hubs in Dublin.