According to abbreviationfinder, Ljubljana, (in Slovenian, Ljubljana ; in German, Laibach), is a city located in the central sector of Slovenia and the capital of the country. Located on the banks of the Ljubljana River, near Trieste, on the old East-West trade route.
According to Greek mythology, the city was founded by Jason, a prince of Yolcos. Ljubljana is an industrial center, where porcelain, paper, furniture, soap, chemicals, and leather goods are manufactured.
Among its educational institutions is the Edvard Kardelj University of Ljubljana (1595). The city has been dominated at different times in its history by Huns, Magyars, French, Austrians and Germans. It became the capital of the independent republic of Slovenia when Yugoslavia disintegrated in 1991.
The Ljubljana basin (in Slovenian Ljubljanska kotlina) extends from the town of Bled to the Ljubljana marshes.
It is the most populated area in Slovenia (this is where the cities of Ljubljana and Kranj are located, the first and fourth most populous in the country, respectively). Other important cities are Kamnik, Škofja Loka, Bled, Radovljica and Domžale. Its two main rivers are the Sava and the Kamniška Bistrica. See population of Slovenia.
The city of Ljubljana is located in the center of Slovenia, in a flat area watered by the Ljubljanica River, at an altitude of 298 meters above sea level. Its central position with respect to Austria, Hungary, the Venice region (Italy) and Croatia has significantly influenced the history and development of the city. Its municipal area borders Medvode, Vodice, Mengeš, Trzin, Domžale, Dol pri Ljubljani, Litija, Smartno pri Litiji, Ivančna Gorica, Grosuplje, Škofljica, Ig, Brezovica and Dobrova-Polhov Gradec.
Relief and hydrography
Located halfway between the Julian Alps and the Karst region, 21 its location in the valley of the Ljubljanica river22 means that the Slovenian capital sits in a predominantly flat area, at an altitude of 298 m, although the Castle is located at 366 m m while the highest point in the city, the so-called Janški Hrib, reaches 794 m.
Regarding hydrography, Ljubljana is bathed by the Ljubljanica River from west to east, being channeled as it passes through the city. Likewise, it is surrounded, in its northern part, by the Sava river, into which the Ljubljanica flows on the outskirts of the city.
The city is spread over an alluvial plain dating from the Quaternary Period. Nearby, older mountain regions date to the Mesozoic (Triassic) or Paleozoic. Several earthquakes have devastated Ljubljana throughout history, such as the one in 1511 or the one in 1895. In fact, Slovenia sits on a fairly active seismic zone due to its position south of the Eurasian Plate. Thus, the country is at the junction of three major tectonic zones: the Alps to the north, the Dinaric Alps to the south, and the Pannonian Plain to the east. In the past, scientists have been able to identify up to 60 earthquakes destructive. Because of this, a seismic surveillance network is installed throughout the country.
The city’s climate is continental. Rainfall is distributed regularly throughout the year, with minimums between January and April and maximums in September and October. Temperatures are cool, with an annual average of 10º, with cold winters, the coldest temperature recorded being -28º, with frequent frosts, from October to May, and snow. The summer is warm, with temperatures above 20 degrees, being the highest recorded 39º.
Throughout history there have been a series of characters, some born in Ljubljana and others linked to the city, who have stood out in their professional activities. The following list is merely exemplary since there will be other people not mentioned who deserve to be mentioned as well.
- Merlene Ottey (1960 -): athlete of Jamaican origin, winner of eight Olympic medals and fourteen in world championships.
- Rok Petrovič (1966) – (1993): skier, in the 1985/86 season he was champion of the Ski World Cup in the Eslálon modality.
- Mateja Svet (1968 -): skier, was champion of the World Cup Ski season 1987 /88 mode giant slalom and silver medal at the Olympic Games in Calgary.
- Urška Hrovat (1974 -): skier, she won five prizes in the Ski World Cup, in the Eslálon modality, in 1994, 1996 and 1998.
- Radoslav Nesterović (1976 -): professional basketball player for various European teams and the NBA, currently with the Toronto Raptors.
- Luka Gregorc (1984 -): professional tennis player, in 2008 he reached his highest position in the ATP ranking, 232º.
- Marko Pohlin (1735 – 1801): philologist and chronicler.
- Anton Tomaž Linhart (1756 – 1795): playwright and historian.
- Valentin Vodnik (1758 – 1819): Franciscan priest and poet.
- France Prešeren (1800 – 1849): romantic poet, considered the main author of Slovenian poetry and one of the best European romantics.
- Anton Aškerc (1856 -1 912: poet and Catholic priest known for his epic poems.
- Ivan Cankar (1876 – 1918): writer, poet, playwright and essayist.
- Oton Župančič (1878 – 1949): poet and playwright.
- Josip Murn Aleksandrov (1879 – 1901): poet.
- Lodz Gradnik (1882 – 1967): poet.
- Lili Novy (1885 – 1958): poet.
- Josip Vidmar (1895 – 1992): literary critic and essayist.
- Srečko Kosovel (1904 – 1926): poet.
- Edvard Kocbek (1904 – 1981): poet, essayist and writer.
- Vitomil Zupan (1914 – 1987): writer, poet, playwright and essayist.
- Jože Javoršek (1920 – 1990): playwright, writer, poet and essayist.
- Bojan Štih (1923 – 1986): literary critic and essayist.
- Leo Funtek (1885 – 1965): violinist and conductor, he was in charge of the Finnish National Opera between 1915 and 1959.
- Neisha (1982 -): pianist and pop singer.