Prague, Czech Republic

By | November 27, 2021

According to abbreviationfinder, Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic and the Bohemian region. Although in ancient times it was also the capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia and Czechoslovakia. The historic and, at the same time, modern city is more than 1000 years old. It contains a wonderful magic, with which it will attract you in any season of the year.

Its geographical location is considered “the heart of Europe “, less than 500 kilometers from the Baltic, North and Adriatic seas. It has more than one million residents and is the largest city in the country.


Due to its characteristics, it is considered a global gamma-class city, at the height of Amsterdam or Washington and surpassing large cities such as Rome, Stockholm and Beijing.


The nicknames or nicknames with which the capital of the Czech Republic can boast are:

  • The city of a hundred towers.
  • The golden city.
  • Paris from the 1920s to the 1990s.
  • The mother of all cities.
  • The heart of Europe.


The average annual temperature is 8-9 degrees Celsius. The Winter is rigorous but not too severe and relatively dry, the average temperature in the winter months approximately zero degrees.

La Primavera is fresh at the beginning and becomes warm and moist as about the summer, reaching 16-17 degrees in June of average and exceeding 70 mm. of precipitation. Summer is not excessively hot, slightly exceeding 18 degrees on average in the months of July and August, although it is usual to exceed 25 degrees. Rainfall reaches its peak in July and begins to decline in August. The Autumn Prague is moderately warm and dry, with rainfall similar to those of the winter and spring, although the month of November is quite cold, with less than three degrees Celsius on average.


The Vltava River runs through Prague, dividing the city from south to north. The Vltava is a very mighty river, even more so than the Elbe River, even though it is a tributary of the latter.

Social development


It concentrates the main universities in the country. In 2006 it had 10 university centers and 38 faculties, in which 87,500 students were enrolled, in addition to 11,500 studying for postgraduate studies. It also had a large number of secondary schools, most notably those for grammar and technical studies. Among the universities, the prestigious Carolina University stands out, the oldest in Central Europe.


Since the beginning of the Czech country it has been the natural political, commercial and cultural center. Inscription on the UNESCO list also proves its worth. Since 1992 the historic center of the city is a World Heritage Site. Its beauty and historical heritage make it one of the twenty most visited cities in the world.

Economic development

Economically it is one of the richest cities in Central and Eastern Europe, the official currency of the country is the Czech Crown. Prague’s per capita GDP is more than double that of the Czech Republic ; this places it as the eleventh richest region in the Union.

Prague is the economic center of the country. In addition to being the capital of the country, most financial institutions and transnational companies are based in the city. These, among other reasons, make it possible for it to represent about 25% of Czech GDP. However, GDP growth in Prague is lower than the national average since 2001.

It has been able to absorb both the national and international workforce attracted by the prosperity of the city. In 2001 Prague accounted for approximately 20% of job vacancies in the Czech Republic, which is especially significant when compared with the little more than 10% that Prague’s population represents of the total population. The demand for workers was 726,000 people while the city’s workforce was only 600,000. See population of Czech Republic.

The unemployment rate is about half that of the country. In addition, its central position in Europe, in addition to a lower price level than Western Europe, helps many international companies choose it as their European headquarters. The sectoral distribution of the city follows a marked trend towards the tertiary sector.

In 2006, 82% of the added value created in the city belonged to the services sector. On the other side of the scale is the industrial sector, whose weight is significantly lower than the rest of the country. Another sector that has grown in the first decade of the 21st century is construction, with more than a 50% increase between 2001 and 2006 in terms of the value of houses built. Since the Velvet Revolution, the city has taken advantage of its architectural beauty in the tourism sector.

In 2005, 6.4 million tourists visited the Czech Republic, of which a great majority passed through Prague. More than 90% of the occupied hotel beds were destined for foreign tourists. However, only 41% of the available places were in four or five-star hotels in 2006.

Prague, Czech Republic