Tag Archives: Afghanistan

Agriculture is the livelihood for 90% of the population; almost ⅔ of the working population is employed in agriculture. Agriculture and animal husbandry together provide only about 50% of the gross national product. Of the 8 million ha that are suitable for agriculture, 5.3 million must be irrigated; due to a lack of water, only 2.5 million ha are cultivated every year. 3 million ha is suitable for livestock, 2 million ha is covered with forest. In the south, the irrigation works will be expanded in the Helmend River basin (including the Kajakai dam, 90 m high, 19 billion m3 reservoir). Furthermore, irrigation is done here by means of karezes (subterranean passages). The main agricultural area is the plain of Afghan Turkestan. Grain accounts for 90 % of the area used, of which wheat (2166000 t in 1971) is the most important, followed by maize (730000 t), barley (310000 t) and rice (300000 t). The following are also grown: cotton (270001), sugar beet, sugar cane, oilseeds, vegetables and fruit, as well as hemp and poppy (opium). Cattle breeding. The livestock consists of sheep (23 million, of which 6.5 million Karakul sheep), goats (3 million), cattle (3.7 million), donkeys (1.3 million), horses, camels and poultry. Livestock farming is still partly (semi) nomadic. Forestry. There is no question of actual forestry, but there is no longer any exploitation of the existing forest. In 1971, 6.6 million m3 of hardwood and 1.6 million m3 of coniferous wood were felled. Check franciscogardening for Afghanistan Geography.

Norway in Afghanistan Part III

Norway has a responsibility as a UN and NATO member , but also to the Afghan people: “(…) we have a task to do by standing by the Afghan people” (Støre 2008). The Minister of Defense says that “we will not leave Afghanistan until the Afghan people feel confident that peace will last” (Strøm-Erichsen 2008a).… Read More »

Norway in Afghanistan Part II

4: 2002–2005: Peace argumentation and offensive defense The Taliban regime was overthrown as early as 2001. The focus is now shifting towards peace and nation building , in addition to making the commitment more directly relevant to the defense of Norway. As early as December 2001, the Minister for Development Aid stated that “the United… Read More »

Norway in Afghanistan Part I

What is a just war? What goals did the Norwegian authorities set for Norwegian participation in Afghanistan? What did the government hold on to all the time for the Norwegian participation? How did the goals change along the way? In this article, we look at the language that Norwegian governments used in the argument –… Read More »

Vulnerable Countries Part I

Vulnerable countries are one of the biggest threats facing the world community. Such poor countries are often associated with violent conflicts , which have regional consequences. Conflicts not only make the fight against poverty more difficult; they also make it possible for armed groups and organized crime to establish a foothold. What is a vulnerable… Read More »

What is international terrorism? Part I

The terrorist attacks in London in the summer of 2005 led to a renewed debate about international terrorism and the danger that Norway may also be affected by terrorism. What exactly is international terrorism? Where are the boundaries between terrorism and related forms of political violence? What kind of danger does terrorism represent? 2: What… Read More »

Faryab, Afghanistan Part II

4: Basis of power There are mainly three bases for power in Faryab and hence three different power structures. Each of them is linked to certain resources and has its own lines of conflict. When studying power relations in Afghanistan, a country located in Asia according to thesciencetutor.org, it is important to understand that Afghan… Read More »

Faryab, Afghanistan Part III

6: How does Norway contribute to Farayab? On the one hand, the Taliban can be seen as a relatively tight organization with clear lines of command. In this sense, the increase in violence in Faryab can be understood as the result of a clear strategy, with the Taliban purposefully attacking northern Afghanistan in a pincer… Read More »

Faryab, Afghanistan Part I

Since 2005, Norway has had the leadership responsibility for the NATO force in Meymaneh. The force is responsible for security in Faryab province in northwestern Afghanistan. During this period, Norwegian soldiers have been involved in more and more attacks and skirmishes. In 2009 the number was around 100, in 2010 it has probably doubled. The… Read More »