Tallinn, Estonia

By | November 25, 2021

According to abbreviationfinder, Tallinn (in Estonian, Tallinn [Taliin]) is the capital of the Republic of Estonia. It is located in the Gulf of Finland. It has a medieval charm since it preserves its architecture as if time had not passed. Its history dates back to the Vikings, the first settlers of this place who were interested in its position in the Baltic Sea.


On the Gulf of Finland, on the opposite side from Helsinki (the capital of the Scandinavian country).


Its old town is declared a World Heritage Site. There is a mix of medieval, Gothic and Baroque styles that can be observed through moments like Cathedral Alexander Nevski from the thirteenth century, the castle Toompea, Tower Pikk Hernan, the Kadriorg Palace (neoclassical style built by Peter the Great in honor of his wife Catherine), the Kiek in de Kök towers or its walls flanked by its 26 towers.

After the first residents, the Vikings, Germans, Swedes, Russians or Finns arrived in these lands, settlers who temporarily occupied this territory.


It is located on the southeastern coast of the Gulf of Finland, in the northwestern part of Estonia. It occupies a total area of 149.2 km² with a coastline that has a length of 46 km, in its cut form there are numerous bays and peninsulas. Its main bay is that of Tallinn, to the east are those of Paljassaare and Kopli.

Within the city there are several lakes, the largest being Lake Ülemiste (covering an area of 9.6 km²) and it is also the main source of drinking water in the city. Lake Harku is the second largest lake within the city limits, with an area of 1.6 km². The only significant river in Tallinn is the Pirita River, which flows into the Pirita district and whose valley is a protected area due to its natural beauty. The island of Aegna of 2 km ² located to the north of the peninsula of Viimsi also belongs to its term. Also there you can see the footprint of the impact of a meteorite.


Tallinn’s climate is marked by its geographical location. It is influenced by a smoothed continental climate, by the warm current of the Atlantic, the proximity of the Baltic Sea and the passage of constant low pressure fronts mean constant rains and low temperatures for much of the year. Winters are very cold, snow covers the entire country and the waters of lakes and rivers freeze. The summer is moderately warm and rainy, the temperature is mild, with not very hot days and cool nights. The rains are abundant in spring. as well as autumn It is also a season of high rainfall, a situation that, together with the rapidity with which the first snowfalls melt, gives rise to mud flats in non-urbanized areas.


Its industry includes shipbuilding, machinery, electrical equipment, textiles, paper, and chemicals. During the Second World War it was severely damaged by German bombing and has since been substantially rebuilt.


Tallinn offers year-round art and culture and all kinds of events, from small-scale alternative creations to grand opera performances and classical music recitals. Many of the performances are in Estonian, as the country is reverting to using the national language after decades of using Russian. Tallinnin Your Pocket is a bimonthly city guide with listings of cultural events.

In 2011 it was declared the first Estonian city to be the European Capital of Culture, along with the Finnish city of Turku.


The city is one of the largest tourism references in the country, the Baltic Republic receives about 2.5 million visitors annually.

As the main tourist attraction, Tallinn offers its medieval old town, although there are many other options or leisure accessories, such as its saunas and spas, its shopping centers or the possibility of exploring the city and its surroundings by hiking or cycling. In summer, the beaches of the Pirita and Haabersti districts stand out.


Before World War II, ethnic Estonians made up 88% of the population, with national minorities making up the remaining 12%. The largest minority groups in 1934 were Russians, Germans, Swedes, Latvians, Jews, Poles, and Finns. See population of Estonia.

Between 1945 and 1989, the number of ethnic Estonians in the resident population within the defined limits of Estonia fell to 61%, caused mainly by the Soviet program of promoting mass immigration of urban industrial workers from Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. as well as by wartime emigration and Stalin’s deportations and mass executions. In 1989, minorities constituted more than a third of the population, as the number of non-Estonians had grown almost five times.

Modern Estonia is an ethnically very heterogeneous country, but this heterogeneity is not a characteristic of much of the country as the non-Estonian population is concentrated in two of the Estonian counties. Thirteen of the 15 counties in Estonia have more than 80 percent of Estonian descent, with Hiiumaa county being the most homogeneous where Estonians represent 98.4% of the population. In Harju (including the capital Tallinn) and Ida-Viru counties, however, ethnic Estonians make up 60% and 20% of the population, respectively. Russians make up 25.6% of the total population, but represent 36% of the population in Harju County, and 70% of the population in Ida-Viru County.

Tallinn, Estonia