Area: 131,957 km²
Residents: 11,160,000 (2017)
Population density: 84.6 E / km²
Form of Government: Parliamentary republic
System of Government: Parliamentary democracy
Neighboring countries: Albania, North Macedonia, Bulgaria, Turkey
Capital: Athens National
93% Greek Orthodox,
0.25% Jehovah’s Witnesses
Telephone area code: +30
Time zone: UTC + 2 EET
UTC + 3 EET (March – October)
In 2020, 858 Germans officially emigrated to Greece and 607 came back to their homeland. Within the 10 years from 2010 to 2019, 8,417 Germans officially emigrated to Greece and 11,001 moved back to Germany. In 2020 there were officially 10,336 Germans living in Greece.
According to allcitycodes, Greece has been both a country of emigration and a destination for immigrants for centuries. In addition to the Christian Orthodox, Greek-speaking majority population, there are some religious and linguistic minorities as well as immigrant groups. The approximately 500,000 Albanians form a significant minority. 97.4% of the Greek population speak the modern Greek language.
This European country with so much history and culture has been a popular wintering place for German pensioners and people in early retirement for many years. Many sunny days and mild winters are one reason for this. When shopping, you should keep in mind that outside of the tourist areas (with the exception of large supermarkets), a long lunch break from around 2:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m. is common. After that, the shops open again until 8:00 p.m. and sometimes even longer.
Greece is traditionally divided into 10 regions: Aegean Islands (Sporades, North Aegean Islands, Cyclades, Dodecanese), Attica (capital region around Athens), Epirus, Ionian Islands, Crete, Macedonia, Central Greece, Peloponnese, Thessaly, Thrace.
With a mountain share of 77.9%, Greece is a mountainous country. Particularly noteworthy are the Pindos Mountains, the Olymp-Ossa-Pelion Mountains and the Rhodope Mountains on the Greek mainland, the Taygetos Mountains on the Peloponnese peninsula and the Ida and Psiloritis Mountains on the island of Crete. The highest point in the country is the Mytikas with 2,917 m in the mountain range of Olympus. There are only a few larger economically usable levels. These are mainly located in the regions of Thessaly, Macedonia and Thrace.
With over 900 animal species, Greece is very species-rich. 5,500 to 6,000 plant species and subspecies have been counted here. The native flora and fauna are protected in ten national parks and two marine national parks.
General travel regulations (up to the corona pandemic)
As an EU citizen, you can travel to Greece with your identity card or passport. If you want to live or work in Greece for more than three months, you need a residence permit. This can be requested from the responsible immigration office or from the police in your place of residence.
Immigration, residence permit
The prerequisite for the residence permit is that the applicant has a job or has sufficient means of subsistence.
After 5 years of residence you can apply for a permanent residence card. Although this is not mandatory, it can be useful for dealing with authorities. This saves you from constantly having to submit proof of your income or housing situation.
The following is required to apply for a residence card:
- Proof of accommodation (e.g. rental agreement or deed of ownership)
- Sufficient income (e.g. bank statement, employment contract)
- Health insurance