The first European navigators, mainly Portuguese, arrived in South Africa in the 15th century. Diogo Cão reached the South African coast in 1485 and in 1488 it was Bartolomeu Dias’ turn. The country’s history, properly speaking, begins in the 17th century with the permanent occupation of the Cape region by Europeans. In 1909, the union of the British colonies of Cabo, Natal, Transval and Orange River originated the nation of South Africa.
From 1948 to 1993-1994, the political and social structure is based on apartheid, the legalized system of racial discrimination that maintained the dominance of the white minority in the political and economic fields. In 1983, a new constitution was adopted that guarantees a policy of rights limited to Asian minorities, but continues to exclude blacks from exercising political and civil rights. The black majority, therefore, has no voting rights or parliamentary representation. The dominant white party, during the apartheid era, is the National Party, while the main black political organization is the African National Congress (ANC), which for almost fifty years was considered illegal.
Later, in 1990, under the leadership of President FW de Klerk, the South African government begins to dismantle the apartheid system, freeing Nelson Mandela, leader of the ANC, and accepting to legalize this organization, as well as other anti-apartheid ones.
The next steps towards national unity are taken in 1991. The opening of negotiations between representatives of all communities, with the aim of drawing up a democratic constitution, marks the end of an era in South Africa.
In 1993, the Government and the black opposition agreed on mechanisms to guarantee the transition to a non-discriminatory political system. An intermediary executive committee, with a black majority, is created to oversee the first multiparty and multiracial elections, and a body is also created to draw up a constitution that guarantees the end of apartheid.
In April 1994 multiracial elections are held for the new Parliament. The ANC wins and Nelson Mandela, forming a Government of national unity, becomes the first black South African President. In 2004, the year Thabo Mbeki celebrates five years as Nelson Mandela’s successor, the President of the Republic of South Africa promises to end all political violence that may still exist in the country.
Are you looking for that perfect job in the Africa? The website URLs of top recruiters and job directories are just for you. Simply review the following job index and click on the link of your interest to find your job in Africa, such as Saudi Arab, Israel, and Turkey. If you would like to learn more about the region of Africa, you can visit Countryaah website to see all countries located in Africa or AbbreviationFinder site to find all acronyms related to Africa.
Africa Online – Jobs Classifieds
Contains a long list of job and business opportunities from countries across the continent. Click a posting for more information.
Submit a resume or a job opening to this South African job board that offers permanent or temporary employment postings.
Job and resume databases for hi-tech recruiting in South Africa. Contains a directory of recruitment firms.
South African recruitment firm site, where you can search jobs by category or submit your resume.
WildNet Africa JobSpot
Outdoor and wildlife guide to Africa lists opportunities in volunteering, travel, education and ranger positions.
Professional appointment section of the Electronic Mail & Guardian from South Africa. Contains full text of each listing.