According to abbreviationfinder, Oslo is the city most populated of Norway and the capital of the country, politically is a municipality, I established the 3 of January of 1838 as an independent province in 1842. According to the census of the 1 of January of 2009 had a population of 590,041 residents, which puts it in third place and most populous urban area Scandinavian, second only to Copenhagen and Stockholm. It has an area of 154 km², of which 115 km² are urban and 7 km² are rural.
Oslo is located at the head of the fjord of the same name, the city is surrounded by hills and mountains. The highest point of the city is Kirkeberget, at 629 m high, the area it occupies is exceptionally large, of which two-thirds are protected areas such as forests, hills and lakes for which there are many parks and outdoor areas, which give it an image of freshness and greenery.
The population of the city is small compared to most of the European capitals when compared to its size.
There are 40 islands within the city limits, the largest of which is Malmoya with 0.56 km², there are also 343 lakes, Maridalsvannet being the largest with 3.91 km², these lakes serve as a source of drinking water for the city.
Oslo is crossed by two small rivers the Akerselva and the Alna, the latter is considered the largest, the Akerselva separates the city in east and west, and empties into the fjord in the Bjorvika area, however the Alna river runs through Groruddalen, the largest neighborhood in Oslo and the industrial area of the city.
Has a climate humid continental with cool summers where rain annual average can reach 763 mm and maximum daily temperatures range between 15.1 and 15.5 ° C on average during the months of summer from June to August and temperatures more cold appear at the end of October. The maximum temperature recorded in the city was 35 ° C on July 21, 1901.
Of the 4 seasons, winter is the hardest season where temperatures can reach -25 ° C and even colder when pressure is high and the skies are clear. The lowest temperatures are recorded from October to April, with the coldest months being January and February with average temperatures of -7 and -12 ° C. The lowest temperature recorded in Oslo was -32.9 ° C in February 1871. Snowfall is usually more than 35 centimeters of snow cover for 20 days a year.
The population of Oslo according to the 2009 census was about 590,041 residents, of which about 25% of the population (about 140,000 residents) is immigrant, among which the Norwegian people of Pakistani origin stand out, who have about 20,036 residents, followed by the Somalis with about 9,708, then the Swedes with 7,462 and the Sinhalese with about 7,128. Other important communities are of [[Polish, Vietnamese, Turkish, Iraqi and Danish origin. See population of Norway.
Oslo is the fastest growing capital of all Scandinavia in terms of population, growing at an annual rate of about 2%, which is due to the high birth rate and immigration.
It is an important port city and economic center of the maritime sector in Europe, it has some of the world’s largest ship, cargo service and insurance companies within the approximately 980 companies and 8,500 employees in the sector. On the outskirts of Oslo lies one of the three main classification societies in the world, the famous Det Norske Veritas, based in Høvik, with 16.5% of the world fleet on its record. The port of Oslo is the largest passenger and cargo port in the country.
The region has one of the highest Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita in Europe, at 391,399 Norwegian kroner (€ 44,500) in 2003. The Oslo region ranked fourth in GDP per capita this year, behind London, Brussels and Luxembourg.
Oslo is also one of the most expensive cities in the world, occupying a position among the first 10 and in 2006 according to the Economist Intelligence Unit of New York in relation to the Cost of Living as a city, it came to occupy the first position, unseating to Tokyo.
Oslo has become an important venue in the world of Sports especially for international athletics events, such as the Diamond League.
The Holmenkollen area has hosted several biathlon and Nordic skiing championships since 1930 and its show jumping competition is the oldest in the world. Holmenkollen was selected to again host the Nordic World Ski Championships in 2011.
The great sailing regatta that annually attracts 1,000 competing boats, and the motorized boat race belonging to class 1 of the offshore circuit, which take place in the summer months, make the port a place for competitions of maritime events of great level.
The city is home to the largest youth championship football in the world, the Norway Cup and also has two football clubs, the Valerenga FC and Lyn FC based in the Ullevaal Stadium is the largest stadium of this sport in Norway.
Oslo has a broad development worldwide in the world of sports on ice as the jockey, and skating, among others.