Geography of Budapest, Hungary

By | November 29, 2021

According to abbreviationfinder, Budapest, (Hungarian pronunciation (AFI): ˈbudɒpɛʃt), is the capital of Hungary, as well as its main industrial, commercial and transport center.

The 23 districts

District IV

District IV is located north of Budapest, on the west bank of the Danube River. Before 1950, when several areas were annexed to Budapest, it was the Újpest town. The name means “New Pest”, because it was formed on the edge of the City of Pest in 1840. Újpest was a village or village for six decades before 1907, when it became a town. As we said, in 1950 the town was unified with Budapest, to form Greater Budapest, and become the IV District.

District XXI

Location.The XXI district is located to the north of the island of Csepel, the Danube flows to the east and on the other bank are districts IX, XX and XXIII, to the west the border of the district naturally marks the contour of the island with the bank of the Danube that in its opposite margin presents the districts XI and XXII, to the south the limit demarcated by the capital, that is to say the own limits of the town of Szigetszentmiklós.

Most relevant neighborhoods

  • Ady Endre street neighborhood
  • Csillágtelep
  • Királymajori neighborhood
  • Vízmű neighborhood
  • Arpád street neighborhood


In the second half of the 20th century, the most important industrialization of the district occurred, which made it a base for heavy industry. Workers settled in this area, who contributed to the formation of urban areas, parks and neighborhoods. The district thus became a stronghold of the Hungarian working class. It was independent until 1 of January of 1950, when along with other zones was annexed as an integral part of Budapest capital.


The XXI district is considered one of the classic industrial districts of Budapest (for its metallurgical, steel and paper industries). In the first half of the 20th century the economy of the district is linked to the name of Manfréd Weiss, who with his metallurgical company had the broadest range of products that existed at the time in the entire region of central and eastern Europe After World War II, the factory was operated by the state.

In the mid-1950s, even in Tibet, the factory’s products were marketed. At the end of the 80s, due to the low demand for products and the high maintenance costs, the factory gradually came to a standstill. Today the complex works as an industrial zone, housing hundreds of other companies, offices, enterprises and small factories.

Natural wealths

Only one protective zone houses the District, on the Tamariska hill in the Királyerdő area, which since 1999 was declared by the capital city as a natural heritage site, since innumerable native and exclusive plant species of the area are found on its sandy banks.

Places of interest

Budapest is a member of the Organization of World Heritage Cities, having declared its historic center a World Heritage Site in 1987.

In the Castle District you will find:

  • the Royal Castle of Buda in baroque style,
  • the Matthias Church (Mátyás templom) of Buda, a symbol of Hungary,
  • the Museum of Military History (Hadtörténeti Múzeum),
  • the National Gallery of Art or Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest,
  • the Budapest Opera (Hungarian National Opera)
  • the Fisherman’s Bastion, named after the group of fishermen who defended this enclave on the city walls, in the Middle Ages
  • and the funicular (Budavári Sikló). The Parliament of Budapest, built by the architect Imre Steindl (1839 – 1902), professor at the Technical University, is in the neo-Gothic style. Construction of Parliament began on October 12, 1885. It now contains the crown of Saint Stephen, the symbol of the country in the Hall of the Dome. Margaret Island (Margit-sziget) is very popular with citizens. It is connected to Buda and Pest by the Margaret Bridge.

The entire island is a park with a sports stadium, swimming pool and spas. There are also other famous places, such as:

  • the Basilica of Saint Stephen of Pest is the largest church in the city,
  • the Museum of Fine Arts (Szépművészeti Múzeum) contains Spanish and European paintings,
  • the Hungarian National Museum (Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum),
  • Heroes’ Square (Hősök tere) with the Millennium Memorial or Millennium Monument of the arrival of the Magyars (1896),
  • the Great Circus of Budapest and the zoo,
  • Vajdahunyad Castle within the city park, Városliget,
  • Gustave Eiffel’s Western Railway Station (Nyugati pályaudvar),
  • the Belvárosi Templom, the oldest church in Hungary from the 12th century,
  • the Dohány Street Synagogue, the largest in Europe and the second in the world, after New York,
  • the Ethnographic Museum,
  • the Budapest Metro, built in 1896, one of the oldest in the world,
  • and the bridges: among others the Chain Bridge (Széchenyi Lánchíd) and the Erzsébet Bridge, dedicated to Empress Sissi, Queen of Hungary.

Thermal baths

In 1934, Budapest received the title of City of Spas for being the capital that has the most medicinal and thermal water wells in the world [citation required]; It is known by some as the capital of the world of medicinal waters. Its network is unique: the performance of thermal waters, with temperatures of 21 to 78 degrees Celsius, which spring from 118 natural sources and artificial wells, exceeds 70 million liters per day.

In Budapest there are well-known public thermal baths: Gellért Baths (Gellért fürdő), Széchenyi Baths (Széchenyi fürdő) the largest European spa, Lukács Baths (Lukács fürdő), Rudas Baths (Rudas fürdő), Király Baths (Király fürdő) and Király Baths (Király fürdő) Rác (Rác fürdő). Medicinal waters are used to treat diseases of the locomotive organs, blood circulation and gynecology. See population of Hungary.

In the surroundings of these thermal baths there are wells and rooms to drink medicinal water with a high content of different mineral types. The best known of these eating rooms serves as the entrance to the Lukács thermal bath, which was inaugurated in 1937, its medicinal waters geared towards curing digestive problems. The thermal bath building was built in 1894. Its beneficial medicinal effects were soon known in the rest of Europe, becoming one of the most notable places in this healthy specialty.

Also famous are the thermal baths from the Turkish period that operate today, such as the Király, built in the late 1500s, and the Rác bath. The Rudas Bath – with its octagonal colonnaded room and cupola – is the oldest and best ornamented Turkish bath.

Budapest, Hungary